Income Tax Returns: A Guide


A tax return is a form used to file tax returns with an Income Tax Department. Governments levy income taxes on all revenue generated by entities under its jurisdiction.  By law, individuals and businesses must submit income tax returns annually to determine taxes owed or tax refunds.  Typically, you receive a formatted worksheet in which you input figures of your income during the year inclusive of wages, interest, capital gains, dividends, or other revenue. Entities must file income tax returns by a certain preordained date.

Understanding Income Tax

In most countries, a progressive income tax system at is the norm. In this system, high income earners pay more taxes than low-income earners.   A country’s tax agency defines a set of complex rules and regulations that govern which types of income are declared, your tax obligations, credit exemptions, deductions, and any tax refunds.

Types of Income Tax Returns

  1. Individual Tax Returns

 Usually, people do not pay income taxes on all of their earnings. Rather, the tax agency deducts medical and dental bills, mortgage interest, education expenses among others to arrive at your taxable income. Learn more about taxes at

  1. Business Income Tax Returns

Commercial entities must file income tax returns with a tax agency. For example, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) considers self-employed contractors, corporations, partnerships, and small enterprises as businesses. Accordingly, companies must report revenue earned before deducting capital expenses to determine taxable income. If you want to learn more about income tax returns, you can visit

III.           Local and State Income Tax Returns

Most states in the United States impose local and state income taxes on individuals and business organizations. Local and state authorities impose income taxes independent of national authorities. For example, if you live in New Hampshire or Tennessee you must file income tax returns on investments and dividends as well as federal income taxes.

  1. Property and Sales Tax Returns

A property tax at is imposed on your property based on its assessed value. Individuals, businesses or other legal entities that own property must file tax returns with a jurisdictional authority. Usually, the local municipal or county government levies property taxes. Local, state, and national governments impose sales taxes on all commodities and services purchased by consumers.


Governments, as long as they exist, must impose taxes to survive. Despite the complexity of existing income tax regulations, determining what obligation you have is straightforward. Successfully filing your tax returns requires:

?              Learning how to minimize your tax burden

?              Budgeting enough time for the filing process

?              Identifying any balances owed to your income tax agency and,

?              Recognizing your limitations and seeking the services of tax professionals for help.


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